UNESCO* proclaimed the Declaration of Human Duties and Responsibilities in 1998 to strengthen the implementation and protection of human rights as outlined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Although the UDHR formally extends thirty fundamental rights to all people, in many places these rights are not well-enforced. The document stresses the need for a shift from ‘formal equality’ to a ‘substantial equality’ and its goal is to ensure that these rights are legally enforceable around the world.
*UNESCO is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that seeks to build peace through educational, scientific, and cultural cooperation.